AMERICAN STANDARD BRIDGE SYSTEM
A bridge system is a base for the bidding communication between the two players in the pair. All systems have a tendency to change over time. Also playing pairs want to refine it and add developed parts to the system.
We prefer to use the Grant Standard published in several articles written by David Lindop. They were published in "play bridge" and "Better Bridge" during the years 2003 to 2009. You find these articles below, but you can also find them directly at Audry Grant homepage. These articles have the initials AG.
We have added comments to some articles and a few articles from our own experience . These last articles have the initials AW.
At the bottom of this page you can find a few articles of more curios interest.
|David Lindop articles||Comments||Our own articles|
|What is Standard? (AG)||
|The system in short (AG)|
Jacoby transfers, interference, Jacoby 2NT, Splinter Raises and Reverse Drury
System summary 2 (AG)
Strong opening response, Fourth suit forcing, Michaels, Unusual notrump, Responsive doubles, Truscott 2NT (Jordan 2NT)
Stayman and Jacoby transfer bids after 2NT openings but not extended transfer after 2NT openings.
|Grant Standard - responding to 1NT #1 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - responding to 1NT #2 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - responding to 1NT #3 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Interference Over 1NT (AG)||
Responses remain same if 1NT is doubled.
Redouble shows about 8+ points.
Responses remain the same after a 2 overcall except that double is Stayman.
Transfers are off after 2♣ or higher.
|Grant Standard - Responding to 1♥ or 1♠ (AG)||
Jump shift (ie 1♦ - 2♠) shows a strong hand (16+ points) with a good 5+ card suit. This is a slam invitation.
2NT is Jacoby.
Jump raise is a limit - invitational raise.
Raise to 4 in a major is preemptive.
Reverse bidding (AW)
|Grant Standard - Jacoby 2NT (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Splinter raises (AG)||Splinter may be a void or a single ace.|
|Grant Standard - Jacoby 2NT (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Reverse Drury (AG)||Reverse Drury - 2♦ rebid shows full opening, new suit or NT shows interest in game, rebid opening major suit with no interest in game, jump to game means no interest in slam.|
|Grant Standard - Minor suit openings and responses (AG)||
2NT response is invitational with 11 - 12 points.
Jump raise shows 11 - 12 points.
|The negative 1NT response (AW)|
|Grant Standard - 2♣ openings and responses #1 (AG)||After 2♣ - 2♦ - 3NT, 4♣ is Stayman, 4♦ and 4♥ are transfers and 4NT is an invitational raise.|
|Grant Standard - 2♣ openings and responses #2 (AG)||Cheaper minor second negative.|
|Grant Standard - 2♣ openings and responses #3 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Weak 2-bids and responses (AG)|
3 in a suit with 7 cards and not more than 7hcp.
3NT with a running minor and 1 ace beside.
4 in a suit with 8 cards and not more than 7hcp.
|Grant Standard - Slam bidding #1 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Slam bidding #2 (AG)||RKC (AW)|
|Grant Standard - Slam bidding #3 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Slam bidding #4 (AG)||After Stayman or transfer a jump bid to 4♣ is Gerber and 4NT is quantitative.|
|Grant Standard - Fourth suit forcing to game (AG)|
|Grant Standard - The simple overcall (AG)||Jump overcall shows a weak hand with a long suit.||Overcalls and interferences (AW)|
|Grant Standard - Responding to a simple overcall (AG)||
A jump raise is preemptive. A cuebid is forcing for one round. A new suit is non-forcing but constructive (invitational).
A cuebid followed by a new suit is forcing.
|Grant Standard - The jump overcall (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Notrump overcalls (AG)||When opponents have bid 2 suits on the 1 level a 1NT overcall shows a weak takeout with the other two suits.|
|Grant Standard - The unusual notrump (AG)|
|Grant Standard - The Michaels cuebid (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Takeout double (AG)||A double at our first opportunity to bid is for takeout up to and including 4♥.|
|Grant Standard - Advancing a takeout double (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Advancing a takeout double when right-hand opponent bids (AG)||Responsive double - advancer's double of responder's raise or jump raise is for takeout (ie 1♦ - D - 2♦ - D)|
|Grant Standard - Responderís actions when right-hand opponent overcalls (AG)||A jump raise of opener's suit is weak (preemptive). A bid of 2NT is natural and invitational. A cuebid (overcallers suit) shows suport for opener's suit and 10+ points (invitational)|
|Grant Standard - The negative double (AG) (The Sputnik double)||Negative doubles apply after overcalls up to 4♥.|
|Grant Standard - The redouble #1 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - The redouble #2 (AG)|
|Grant Standard - When partner does not use the redouble (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Opener's reverse (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Responder's reverse (AG)|
|Grant Standard - Leading against suit contracts (AG)||Top from sequence.|
|Grant Standard - Leading against notrump contracts (AG)||Rule of 11 - 4th from top.|
|Grant Standard - Defensive signals (AG)||Reverse attitude signals (AW)|
|The trial of Jacoby|
|I'm giving up bridge|